What Is A Noun?

A noun is the name of a person, animal place, thing, or idea. Whatever exists, we assume we can be named, and that name is a noun.

Nouns are the part of speech used to name or label an abstract idea or concept, a person, place, animal or thing. Nouns are usually some of the first words a small child learns, understands, and uses.

  • Names for people: soldier, Peter, cousin, Frenchman
  • Names for animals: rat, zebra, lion, aardvark
  • Names for places: house, London, factory, shelter
  • Names for objects: table, frame, printer, chisel
  • Names for substances: lead, nitrogen, water, ice
  • Names for qualities: kindness, beauty, bravery, wealth, faith
  • Names for actions: rowing, cooking, barking, reading, listening
  • Names for measures: month, inch, day, pound, ounce

Types Of Nouns

A noun is a name we give to a person, place, thing, event, substance, quality, or idea. There are Seven types of nouns: common, proper, concrete, abstract, Countable, mass or non-countable and collective.

  1. Common Nouns: It is the name given to a generic item. A general class of a person, place, animals or things is termed as the Common noun. For instance: boy, girl. Rock, house, temple, forests are common nouns. They are mainly used to denote the general category and do not emphasize any specific kind of a noun. It is everything and anything.
  2. Proper Nouns: This is the exact opposite of a common noun. Proper nouns refer to all the unique things. Names of people, places, institutions, brands, films, books, are referred to as common nouns. For instance: John, India (a country), Harward School of Law (an institution), Reebok, Amazon River (a waterway), Avatar (a movie), The other side of midnight. The most important aspect of the Proper nouns is that they begin with a capital letter.
  3. Collective Nouns: A collective noun is used to describe a group of objects. A single word used to denote a group, set or a collection of nouns is termed as a collective noun. For instance: an army of soldiers, a bundle of sticks, a crowd of people, a bunch of keys.
  4. Abstract Nouns: An abstract noun is a state, quality or feeling that can not be perceived by the senses. For instance: we cannot use our five senses to perceive happiness, jealousy, beauty, trust, loyalty, betrayal, love, etc. These are often considered as unique nouns.
  5. Concrete Nouns: A concrete noun is anything that can be perceived with our senses. We can see it, hear it, smell it, taste it or touch it. We can perceive soil, water, clouds, flowers, music, chatter, stench, sugar, salt, laughter, smoke, perfume, vanilla, velvet, silk, and bricks.
  6. Countable Nouns: The nouns that can be easily counted in terms of numbers are termed as Count nouns. For instance: snakes, toads, chairs, tables, doors, handles. Five flowers, six fruits, two birds, etc. The expression of plurality in case of these nouns is done by adding “s” and “es” depending on the nature of the word.
  7. Mass or Non-countable Nouns: The nouns that cannot be counted by quantified in a certain manner are referred to as the Mass nouns. For instance: milk can be quantified saying a glass of milk, water can be specified as the jar of water, etc.

Nouns may be employed in sentences as a subject, a subject complement, an indirect object, a direct object, an object complement, an adjective, an adverb, or an appositive.

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