The subject of a sentence is the thing or person referred to as performing or carrying out the action described by the verb.

What Is Subject In A Sentence?

The subject of a sentence is the thing or person that the sentence is all about. All verbs have a subject. Furthermore, the subject is usually the thing doing whatever action the verb shows.

Here are some samples of subjects (bold) and verbs (underlined) in sentences:

  • Joseph threw the ball.
  • My uncle and mum almost missed the party.
  • Mercy and his friend love Hollywood films.

Sometimes, the subject of a sentence is indicated. For instance:

  • ‘Throw me the ball!’ vs ‘Mercy, throw me the ball!’

Subjects and Verbs

A sentence is generally defined as “a complete unit of thought.” Commonly, a sentence denotes a conveys a command, relationship, voices a question or describes something. It begins with a capital letter and closes with a question mark, period, or exclamation mark.

The integral parts of a sentence are the verb and the subject. The subject is normally a noun—a word (or a phrase) that describes a place, person, or thing. The verb usually follows the subject and distinguishes an action or state of being. As you can identify the subject and the verb in the following short sentences:

  • The bird soars.
  • The slave laugh.
  • Her daughter is a footballer.
  • The students are tired.

In each of these sentences, the subject is a noun: bird, slave, daughter, and students. The verbs in the first two sentences—soar, laugh—show action and answer the question, “What does the subject do?” The verbs in the last two sentences—is, are—are called linking verbs because they link or connect the subject with a word that renames it (footballer) or describes it (tired).

What Does The Term ‘Object’ Mean?

Some verbs also have objects – the person that the action of the verb is being done to.

Here are samples of objects (bold) and verbs (underlined) in sentences:

  • Chris threw the ball.
  • My uncle and mum almost missed the party.
  • Thomas and I love action films.

In an extension of serving as subjects, nouns may also perform as objects in sentences. Instead of acting, as subjects normally do, objects receive the action and regularly ensue the verb. As you can identify objects in the following sentences below:

  • The ladies threw stones.
  • The educator swigged beverage.
  • Gus dropped the phone.

He objects—stones, coffee, phone—all answer the question what: What was hurled? What was swigged? What was dropped?

Below sentences demonstrate, pronouns may also serve as objects:

  • Before eating the beans, Nancy sniffed it.
  • David changed his gears and phoned sister.
  • The horticulturist cut the grass and mowed the hedge.
  • Clinton wrote two letters, but then she lost them.
  • Do you want pizza or salad?
  • Will you meet Governor?
  • Why did you destroy his beloved toy?
  • Kill them!
  • Don’t Shoot her!
  • Sit down and lower your voice.
  • He has not finished his homework.
  • When she finally found her brother, she kissed him.

Brought to you by the KidsEnglishCollege™ Editorial Team.

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